On April 16, 2007, Seung-Hui Cho traded in his title as "student" for one of "gunman." That day, Cho, a student at Virginia Tech, was responsible for the deadliest shooting spree by a single person in U.S. history, killing 33 people, including himself. Ten months later on Valentine's Day, Steven Kazmierczak joined Cho in the ranks of student gunmen, killing five people on the Northern Illinois University campus and then taking his own life. Though unrelated, these violent acts are linked in their impact. They engender fear in students, parents, faculty members and campus administrators that on any given day, one student might become a murderer--or a murder victim. The threat of campus insecurity exists nationwide, and colleges throughout the country are overhauling their safety initiatives. Last year, Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick and the state Department of Higher Education commissioned four experts on the subject to author a report, "Campus Violence Prevention and Response: Best Practices for Massachusetts Higher Education." The July 2008 report analyzes past and present practices for safety and violence prevention, and recommends better, more comprehensive practices to keep Massachusetts students safe. In this article, the author reports on the new state of readiness on college campuses.